"An Alien Afternoon with Tony Banks" - Tony talks to TWR about the new Genesis album at The Farm, August 22, 1997. Interview by Alan Hewitt and Simon Pound, with photographic assistance from Ian Jones.

TWR: Obviously, Phil decided to quite in 1993. How long after that did you and Mike decide to carry on and get stuck into this new album?

TB: Well, we let it ride for a little bit because we felt that Phil was probably going to leave, but rather than forcing the issue, we thought we would leave it until it was 100% definite. I think we had decided as early as 1993 although that might have been when it was likely to happen, and there was an official announcement between ourselves in the summer of 1995. I am not very good with my years so I might be a year out! (laughs).

So, we had already decided by then that Mike and I thought we would like to try and carry on by certainly seeing what we got out of the writing stage, and seeing what was produced. And we hadn't any idea how we were going to cope with the obvious lack of a singer etc, but we decided that we would give it a go as we had nothing to lose. I thought Mike might not be too keen because The Mechanics was going very well but he was definitely up for it. I could have gone either way but there is a challenge about it that quite appealed to me. Apart from anything else, we obviously wanted to keep on writing so we made that decision. We actually started doing it in January (of '96) and consequently, having made that commitment to start in January, we waited to see how it would go.

The Farm
Picture courtesy of Ian Jones/TWR
TWR: When you actually decided to continue and get into the new album, did you have any idea then what you were looking for in terms of a new singer for the band?

TB: No, we made ourselves no rules, but there were certain things that I think Genesis can't do without, and we have certain agreements about taste and the sort of singers we like. So, the main thing , the certainly very crucial things you have with both Phil and... well, Peter always had it but Phil sort of developed it, which was an ability to have a second gear in their voice where they just add that passion. You think they are going full steam ahead and suddenly a little bit more comes in and that is so crucial to the way we do it. The drama of the music requires that, so that was probably our only aspect of it. We don't really like... I don't particularly like heavy vibratos and I don't like vocal histrionics, so that limits you a surprising amount actually, when you are listening to all the people we listened to, which was just about anything we could lay our hands on. You could rule out about 90% because the voice just wasn't right.

The main thing being that they just didn't have that ability to switch on when required. I really didn't think it would be as easy as it ended up being in a way, because Ray, when I originally heard that Stiltskin album, I thought the voice... I really thought it was... I really liked the way it sounded at times on that album. But having been through this quite a few times on solo albums, normally you get these guys down that can't really do anything like the range you need. So, as soon as I heard this album I thought "this guy sounds great, if he can sound like that it'll be fantastic..." Also the other thing is that, obviously at this stage we didn't know if he wanted to do it, so that was another factor because... not everybody... obviously in certain areas, our name is mud so you don't really know how people are going to respond until suddenly they are asked to do it. We auditioned four people down here in the end, two of which were people we had really chosen through the tapes we had heard, and the other two were really there for other reasons because they suggested that they had other advantages about them that made them attractive, but we didn't really think that those two actually had the voice, so we really only found two voices out of all the people we listened to.

TWR: We were fascinated that the band seemed to want somebody without any "history", which we think is a very brave move, was this deliberate?

TB: I don't say that it was deliberate, but I think we always felt that we didn't want it to come out like a supergroup or something. We wanted, very definitely, the group to carry on having that kind of character it has, and if you can imagine any singer you care to name, whether they would or wouldn't do it is irrelevant, but if you said Steve Winwood with Genesis, or Sting with Genesis, or whatever it happened to be you would say it is something else entirely. So we didn't consider singers like Steve Winwood... We wanted somebody like Ray, Ray was good because he had had enough experience so you felt that he had done it in front of a big audience and he had proved that he had something of that... I think we were initially going for the voice and he was the voice out of everything I had heard personally I liked the best of all, and so it was quite lucky that the rest of it fell into place. Obviously there are limitations to his voice as well, I am not saying that it is absolutely perfect in every sense, it isn't, but then neither was Pete's and nor was Phil's. So you have a compromise in certain areas but you pick up other strengths.

TWR: Presumably one of the compromises is going to have to be having to perform certain songs in different keys which, I think, is going to be interesting for us...?

TB: Well it is less of a problem than you probably think, as we did a lot of songs onstage in different keys over the years. Right from the beginning, even when we did "Supper's Ready" onstage we used to change the key of the last section and so you have to sort of do this and I think with Ray being, in general, about a tone lower than Phil... and there are songs like "I Can't Dance" for example which we did a tone down on stage and we might be taking it down even further down.

Simon Pound and Tony Banks
Picture courtesy of Ian Jones/TWR

What is interesting in the way some of the songs sound, some songs he is capable of doing as a reasonable mimic of Pete, no problem, of Phil sometimes too almost in a way if you want that. I mean, when you go to a concert you don't want to hear everything sung completely differently.. It's like going to see a covers band or something... there are one or two songs that do change quite a lot and some of those will be quite interesting to see whether they turn out better for that, some of the slightly bluesier songs like "Abacab" or even "That's All" sounded quite interesting with his voice because he gives it a new character. But when he sings something like "No Son Of Mine" he has got very much his own character on it, it sounds... it's sort of like Phil but I think he sounds really good singing that song and, in fact, it is one of the ones that impressed me the most when he sang it originally.

TWR: How much of the album had actually been written before Ray was finally taken on board?

TB: Well, we had written really all of the music, all the basis for the songs. We had left it very open in terms of... we didn't really define melody lines more than we had to and certainly no lyrics were written before Ray was on the scene. Also with the structure of the songs left very open because we were using this "radar" system which is a digital kind of thing so you are not just stuck with tape so you can put bits in front, in different orders and cut bits out or add things. We purposely did that before we hired the system... we got it to that which meant that you could construct the thing a little bit so... some of it sounded stronger and you could make more of that a bit and less of that and all the rest of it which was a really useful tool with our not knowing the singer, I think that made a big difference.

TWR: Can you run us through the album track by track, Tony?

TB: Right, well the most obvious thing is that Ray's voice is more... deeper and therefore has this darker quality about it. I think it gives a little more of the drama that people obviously associate with us, a little bit less poppy. A lot of that is down to his voice I think, although the songs... perhaps there are a few more of what you might calls lightly longer songs, you know of six, seven even eight minutes in length. We have been pleased with the response of the people who have come down to interview us so far... "Calling All Stations" is the opening track and it was the first thing we wrote... most of the elements of that were there on day one. There was a certain... what became the middle part later on. We really just set up the rhythm and just played on it and there really is this endless chord sequence, this is very much a chord sequence based piece and all these chords just sounded really good on it, you know, dramatic types of things. It was a question of trying to put them in an order that gave some kind of sense as a song because there's virtually no repetition in the song, there is a little bit of repetition at the end but for the first four or five minutes of the song there is no actual repetition and yet it seems to hang together very well.

I think it is a dark and dramatic and slow tempo sort of piece. It is Ray's favourite track on the album. We wanted to put this first because it gave a slightly heavier elemental edge to the album and first tracks make a lot of difference. We wanted this to come across more as a rock album, so it has got a heavy guitar riff at the front of it and as I say, lots of dramatic chords. Mike wrote the lyric on it and melodically Mike had various vocal ideas and we got Ray singing them and then we tried to make it so that his voice sounded right on them. We were very much experimenting with his voice to see what we could get out of it and some melodic lines were better than others so we shaped the melody very much around his voice.

"Congo" is the second track, the single version is an edit down although they sometimes play both versions because they are on the single and it developed out of a loop that I was fiddling around with. I was combining two or three different things together and slowing them down and doing funny things with them and it just had a really good feel to it I thought, so we ended up having two completely different moods on this loop, one of which was very much a happy thing which was kind of more obvious because it suggested slightly African beats or that Caribbean feel and you could see that.

The other thing was this much darker thing which was much more straight ahead, more rock and we just combined the two really. I must admit that when we were writing this and I had just heard the Stiltskin album and I said to Mike: "This would sound fantastic, get that singer from Stiltskin, this sounds exactly like one he would sing..." (laughter) and I just sang what was really quite a straight bluesy kind of melody on it and I said, "That will sound really good, it'll work..."

TWR: The video was a different kind of video for Genesis...

Alan with Tony Banks
Picture courtesy of Ian Jones/TWR

TB: it was really the first time ever that we let a director have his way with us because we had quite a lot of respect for the guy as a film maker and it was quite fun to do although I haven't got a clue what it is about but it looks good! (laughs). Certainly nothing to do with what the lyrics are about! (laughs).

The third track, "Shipwrecked" interestingly enough came from another loop but one which I just recorded. What I did was, we have DATs all the time of things as we go along and there was a little bit in that song that became "Anything Now", there was just a little riff that Mike played.. and almost in a sense... just so that I could put a tag on it. I clipped it out and put it on the Emulator because I thought it was a good little bit and then one time I played it back slow speed on one of those things that are so easy to do on those keyboards. I just thought it sounded fantastic. So I looped it, as I do (laughs). And I played it to Mike and I said: "You're going to love this" and quite obviously, he loved it because it was him! (laughs). It was just another riff, a transient riff in a long twenty five minute improvisation. It was a riff he played twice in the thing and he did it and sounded really good.

We just played it back and it had some magic about it. We were a bit stuck with some of the elements in it so what we did was overdub guitars, slowed down guitars on it, to make the riff itself seem a bit more prominent but we still couldn't get it to sound as good as the original loop, so the original loop is quite loud and then it was a simple matter of writing a song on it that had the same... you know... I wrote a very simple verse and middle eight for it, just something to take it away and bring it back. Again, Mike wrote the lyric to this one and we actually thrashed out a melody for this one because the initial melody that Mike had, I think wasn't quite right, so I tried another completely different one and some parts of that worked and so we ended up combining the two and got a result. It was originally called "1965" because it has... it has that very strong nostalgic feel about it and I think it is the most obvious single on the album for me but some people said it was too soft and wasn't enough of a break from the ... you know, we wanted to establish ourselves with something different because with Phil, the ballads were quite a strong feature. I never saw it as a ballad really, just more of a sort of song, like a Beatles song or something in the sense that it is just a song, you don't really think of them as ballads.

"Alien Afternoon"... what happened on this one was, Mike had a drum pattern that was quite interesting and I just played on it. We probably had more than this, we probably had three or four bits that worked on it and I had these two bits and I thought that both of them were really strong in a different way. Mike was particularly keen on what ended up on the second part of it and it was just that there wasn't a way you could really make a song out of them and say that's one chorus to the other's verse, they were two separate entities. So the idea was to have a kind of link and I had this odd chord sequence that went with the second half but wasn't really part of anything, so that was used as the bridge between them. It was just a matter then of working out a lyric that would combine the two very different styles. The second bit is an obvious live bit. If it doesn't send a shiver down your spine when we do that change into the final chord of the last section when it goes into the major key, then it hasn't worked. Yeah, hopefully it should be a very strong visual song... it is very deceptive because it is a very simple pattern and yet somehow, it sounds special and you don't know why that is just that it has that quality about it and I suppose it is a classic Genesis bit. It has got all the hallmarks and I think that is what we do best, that is what Genesis music is all about.. it sends a shiver down your spine at those moments... I think it will be good live, especially when the spaceship lands! (laughs).

"Not About Us" was all of us really, but Mike.. every time he played the opening sequence which, once again, was very simple... a couple of chords, but it just sounded very good, very evocative, and on the tape when you always came across it on the working tape, it just sounded really good so we wanted to keep that acoustic feel I wrote the chorus part, the chords and everything for it to go with but a large amount of the melody on this during the verses, came from Ray when he was down here the second time when he was auditioning, and we were making him sing a Blues on top of these various bits we had written and one of them was that piece and he pretty much sang what became the first verse. So, to a large extent we used that, and Mike wrote a chorus to go with it, melody and stuff. A lot of people like this track because... I think it is less of a typical Genesis song in many ways, and I think it takes us more towards mainstream.

With the next one, "If That's What You Need", again it was another song that somebody developed out of one of those loops in a similar situation to "Shipwrecked". Just a little bit which we made something of and wrote and wrote the chords on top of it. Again, Mike wrote a kind of romantic lyric on top of it and I suppose it is more in the tradition of "Follow You Follow Me" and that kind of thing, more than other things but I think it works, and I actually prefer that to "Not About Us" myself. I think it is a better song but they are both more straightforward things. The album tends to get heavier as it gets going, I think.

Alan with Tony Banks
Picture courtesy of Ian Jones/TWR

TWR: Was that a deliberate choice, Tony, because the running order we had originally, ended with "The Dividing Line" which to us makes perfect sense, really...

TB: We originally thought...I was in favour of having "The Dividing Line" at the end but the feeling was that a lot of people didn't listen to albums as consecutively as they used to, and in that context we wanted to make sure that they got to that song not too late because it is the most strongly instrumental and playing kind of biased song on the album, and so we swapped "One Man's Fool" and "The Dividing Line". "The Dividing Line" is the end of side one if you look at it from the old vinyl point of view, and obviously, I said it is the strongest instrumental and it particularly features the drummer, Nir. When we originally did this with the drum machine we originally had a very clattery sort of drum machine part that worked really well and the working title was NYPD which was because of the way the drums were very fast! (laughs).

"Uncertain Weather" is what you might call a more traditional Genesis big ballad type thing really, strong chords. This is one Nick D'Virgilio does the drums on which are really nice and I think we ended up using his part. We did get Nir over at one point to try... we thought at one point we would only use Nir and copy the part but it didn't sound nearly as good as when Nick did it. It is a lighter touch which seemed to work really well on this song I think. And yes, what can I say about it? I think it is a recognisable Genesis-type piece.

"Small Talk" is the other track with "Not About Us" which I think is more mainstream. It has as a basis quite a simple guitar riff which had quite a good feel to it and I played the sax on top of it which gave it quite a good character, I think. This is a song that Ray wrote all the melody and lyrics to. The best thing about it for me is the line "Small Talk" itself which has just got a great sound to it. It is a kind of three part harmony thing. He has got a great low voice when he sings an octave below his own voice, he gives it quite a growl which we use a lot on the album.

The "working titles" board for "Calling All Stations"

So, then there is "There Must Be Some Other Way" which in some ways is one of my favourite tracks on the album. I think it is really a big ballad with an extended instrumental middle section. There is probably the one thing... if people have a criticism of this album who are long time Genesis fans. I think they would say there aren't enough instrumentals on this album, and that is fair criticism I think. But there is a bit on this in the middle of this, that is recognisably Genesis... that kind of thing. It is a song with a very sad lyric really, about divorce and things like that but it has a... I think Ray... the chorus on this... I mean, I wrote the lyrics to this but I used what Ray came up with on the chorus fairly spontaneously again, when we were doing this improvisation early on... and he just sang... "There must be some other way" and it sounded so good and I thought I have got to use that as the basis. And so we did, and we thought what it could be about and modified it a bit to make it work. It is what you might almost call a piece of straightforward rock singing on the chorus... it is not original but it is something that he does so well you have just got to use it. You have got to harness it and you don't need to write a great melodic line, it just sounds so good and it has a lot of passion to it.

That brings us to the final track, "One Man's Fool" which is, I suppose it is the most distinctive Genesis track on the album in some ways. I think it is because it has all the elements. It is quite long, quite a lot of aspects to it and quite a heavy lyric...

TWR: Can you tell us what the lyric is actually about, Tony...?

TB: Well, the first half is really dealing with terrorism I suppose. The idea of someone who is obviously... when you watch a TV programme when you see the news and you see all this misery and destruction an everything, and you know that obviously someone watches that and thinks: "That's a job well done... I'm really pleased with that..." And it is difficult to know... it is difficult to get inside that person's brain to feel what it is that is important enough for them to make them feel that this is worth doing, causing all this misery. So the first half deals more with that.

The second half really deals with that... extends the idea a bit further really, dealing with certain people, people who are certain about things, how can you be so sure? I have always had a mistrust of certainty and the second half deals with that but it deals with it in a more philosophical manner so it is less personal, it is less intense. Musically I thought it was one of the most interesting things, the second half...there are some nice little chord changes in there and a strong feel and I used a lot of this octave vocals from Ray which I think sound really strong. It sounds a little like Pete, I suppose when he does that but it has just got a strong character. So, that is pretty much it, really.

That wraps up our in depth look at Calling All Stations for this issue. Next time round we will have some of Tony's views on the UK music press and a look at what the new Genesis tour holds for the fans. Until then it only remains for us to say our "thank you's" to the people who made this possible... First of all, my thanks to Simon and Ian without whom I would not have reached The Farm in the first place, and especially to Simon who actually enabled TWR's editor to physically almost be in two places at the same time! My continuing thanks to Tony for giving up so much of his precious time to talk to us at such length. To Carol Willis for arranging the interview for us and for her patience - I hope you enjoyed the chocolates and the wine, Carol? Thanks also to Dale Newman for his additional enthusiasm and entertainment- good luck with the CD project! Finally, my thanks to Tom and Pat Pound whose fantastic show of hospitality ensured that yours truly was at least vaguely compos mentis when he arrived to do this interview!